1189 Richard 'the Lionheart' is crowned King of England
1348 – Papal bull of Pope Clement VI issued protecting Jewish people accused of having caused the Black Death
1535 Sir Thomas More is beheaded in England for refusing to swear allegiance to King Henry VIII as head of the Church.
1536 Jaques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1785 – The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States
1885 – Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog
1892 – 3,800 striking steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving 10 dead and dozens wounded
1917 – World War I: Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt
1935 Dalai Lama [Tenzin Gyatso], Tibetan religious leader, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize born.
1942 – Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse
1944 – The Hartford Circus Fire, one of America's worst fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut
1957 – John Lennon meets Paul McCartney at a fete in Woolton.